2. Seneca as a teacher of life


1. - Wisdom of the stoics

2. Seneca as a teacher of life

3. - Slave or master of things
4. - Teacher of a calm, serene life
5. - Live happily
6. - Seneca and Marcus Aurelius
7. - Learn to live
8. - How you become a master of life
9. - Philosophy as the art of life
10. The school of life
11. More powerful as fate
12. More currage towards yourself!
13. The actions decide
14. Strong character
15. Necesseties of life
16. The mind as guide
17. Illness and self-control
18. Fearlessness
19. Overcoming of rage
20. Self-education
21. Obsession of posessions
22. Putting up with losses
23. Wealth from within
24. Happiness as a source of power
25. Reap the benefits of the present!
26. Safeguarding happiness
27. Avoid the crowd
28. Friendship
29. Nobility of the soul
30. The attitude decides
31. State of mind and direction of life
32. Behaviour and Circumstances
33. Correct self-direction
34. Resistances as the driving force
35. Will as the power to change
36. Self-knowledge
37. Self-confidence and life-confidence
38. Virtue as life-fitness
39. Calmness
40. Self-completion
41. Stages of self-completion
42. Correct evaluation of life
43. Wisdom of life
44. Wisdom on the way
45. The Golden Rule 1
46. The Golden Rule 2
47. Calm state of mind
48. The right view
49. Correct conduct
50. Correct self-safeguarding
51. Goal-setting of your life
52. Power of thoughts
53. Everything is inside
54. The spirit in you
55. The power in you
56. Seclusion
57. To come to oneself
58. Nursing of the soul
59. Basics of life
60. The shortness of our existance
61. Time as a life-aid
62. More consciousness of eternity
63. About death and loss
64. Superiority over death
65. Un-transitoriness
66. On the way to completion
67. Life is eternal
68. All is one
69. God in us

The writer, philosopher, and statesman Lucius Annaeus, Seneca, born in Correba, Spain 4 BC as the son of a Roman, spent his youth in Rome, where he enjoyed a careful education, and was distinguished early by mental maturity and spiritual superiority. After completing his education, he undertook a long journey to Egypt, where he embraced the Pythagorean way of thinking of reverence for life, the renunciation of flesh, and the fearlessness before death, in the certainty of the return.

On his return, he went to Rome to study the career of an imperial official and dignitary, and soon became a lawyer and a speaker. In the year 41 he was banished from Claudius to Corsica, where he found time to unfold as a writer. Here, in addition to some tragedies, he wrote his philosophical writings on life. In the year 49 he was recalled to Rome, and appointed by Julia Agrippina, the second wife of the Emperor Claudius, to be the tutor of her son, Nero, until he was called to the emperor in the year 54.

Seneca continued to serve Nero as a consultant and finally as a chancellor. He taught him goodness and gentleness as an expression of wisdom and power, but he could not alter the embarrassing character and psychopathic disposition of the Emperor, which became increasingly apparent and caused Nero to have his mother assassinated.

Envious enemies of the philosopher, rich not only in spirit, but also in power and possessions, finally succeeded in suspecting Seneca at Nero, whereupon Seneca retired in the year 62. Three years later, when Caesar's madness broke open, Nero condemned Seneca to death by his own hand for alleged participation in the Pisan conspiracy. Seneca accepted the verdict with the serenity he had lived and taught in the course of his life s time, o pened his pulse arrays in a bath tub, and, smiling, and talking with his friends, died. Superior to his enemies even in death.

With him Rome lost its greatest prose-poet and most important ethic, whose writings, in their tendency, came close to the spirit of Christianity. They not only enjoyed the approval of Church fathers such as Hieronymus and humanists such as Erasmus, but countless philosophers, poets and life-practitioners, who confirmed his words on the Stoic's biographies: "They do not rob you of your time, but enrich your time and your being. Talking to them is a blessing, their friendship is life-giving. They are models that emulate. "

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© (Versión Alemán) Karl O. Schmidt, Drei Eichen Verlag, Engelberg / Schweiz
(English traduction by Jörn Malek)